Gravesend is an ancient town situated on the south bank of the Thames estuary in north Kent, United Kingdom, just 21 miles (35 km) from central London.
The first recordings of Gravesend (as Gravesham) can be found in the Doomsday Book of 1086, but Stone Age implements have been found in the Gravesend area, as has evidence of an Iron Age settlement at nearby Springhead. Extensive Roman remains have been also been found, which is no surprise as Gravesend lies immediately to the north of the Roman road connecting London with the Kent coast (called Watling Street) .
Gravesend has an Oceanic Climate similar to much of southern England, being accorded Köppen Climate Classification-subtype of “Cfb” (Marine West Coast Climate). It is therefore less cloudy, drier, and less prone to Atlantic depressions with their associated wind and rain than western parts, as well as being hotter in summer and colder in winter. Therefore Gravesend continues to record higher temperatures in summer, sometimes being the hottest place in the country as in August 2003 when Gravesend recorded one of the highest temperatures since records began in the UK with a reading of 38.1 °C. Another record was set in 2011 with 29.9 °C. as the highest temperature ever recorded in the UK for October.
Gravesend is the burial place of Princess Pocahontas and is also associated with Charles Dickens who lived in the villages nearby and was a frequent visitor. The Russian composer Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov was posted to Gravesend in 1862 with the Russian Navy.